According to Greek mythology, Santorini - a clod of earth, given by the sea god Triton, son of Neptune and Venus, to Argonauts. Kallisti - is the name given to this island Argonauts.. Kallisti is the name given to this island by Argonauts.
The oldest population of the island, which appeared here about 3000 BC was pre-Greek. The influence of Minoan Crete was apparent during the excavations at Akrotiri, where a thick layer of volcanic ash covered the whole village with two- and three-storey houses, decorated with frescoes and wall paintings that resemble the Minoan palaces.
In 1967, Greek archaeologists had discovered a tunnel pumice at Akrotiri, the Minoan city of the 16th century BC, and the Bronze Age city of 30,000 residents. No skeletons, jewelry or gold were found in Akrotiri, which indicates that the residents of the city were aware of the impending disaster, perhaps by earth tremors.
In different periods of time before the catastrophic eruption of the volcano, the island was called Kallista (most beautiful) or to Strong (round) because of its shape. 35 centuries ago in 1500 (1450) BC when the event occurred, it influenced the history of the ancient world. We are talking about the terrible eruption of the volcano, which was in the center of the island, resulting in a large chaos and island sinking into the sea.
The catastrophic eruption
Tsunami waves caused by eruption reached heights of 100 meters allegedly ,they hit the north coast of Crete and destroyed the palace of Knossos. This disaster may have led to the end of the Minoan civilization - one of the oldest and most highly developed in Europe. Complete the catastrophe of the Mediterranean region, a strong earthquake, followed by the release of huge amounts of volcanic ash at considerable distances.
Before our time the ancient Kallisti remained only a small part in the form of a crescent. From the side of the caldera in the western part of the island is cut off from the sea in the form of a cliff height of over 300 meters and is represented by gently sloping beaches in the east.
The sound of the eruption was heard at a distance of several thousand kilometers away. As a result of the explosion of the volcano not only the early settlements of the island were destroyed, but also it created a huge caldera. A giant central lagoon, which has dimensions of about 12 by 7 km, is surrounded on three sides by steep cliffs about 300 meters high. The depth of the caldera 400 meters, which makes it impossible for any but the largest ocean-going ships and ferries to get up here to anchor anywhere in the protected bay.
Minoan civilization that existed on Crete and Tyre suddenly disappeared around 1600 BC due to to a large volcanic eruption.
Archaeologists believe the disappearance of civilization result of the invasion of the island of the Greek tribes. However, the eruption of the volcano on Santorini, which occurred in the same period, led archaeologists to assume that it was a large eruption destroyed not only Tyre but also triggered a huge tsunami, which wiped out the Minoan civilization of Crete.
Countless ruins of castles dated to 14 - 15th centuries, and fortifications of the island settlements testify about the attacks of sea pirates. Italian names such as "Santa Irene", reminiscent of the Venetian domination of the island. However, marble and volcanic walking paths Oia point also to the evidence of life of a later period.
Island's history influenced the appearance of a certain type of urban structures. Climatic features of the islands, use of natural resources, and ability of natives made their contribution as well. With the help of these buildings one can study the evolution of the local community. Unique, lizard-like white buildings carved into the cliffs, arising from volcanic pumice, and rocks are the home of local sailors.
Incredibly amazing beaches are on Santorini! Deep clear water and unbelievable color! Black sand and the same unusual color pebbles! The best beaches on the island are Monolithos, Kamari, Perissa. There is nothing better than to spend time on the beaches of Kamari unusual in hot weather. Kamari beach called unusual because they are covered with sand, a beautiful black color. Nature had to work hard for a long time, turned to sand so fine and pleasant.
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Thanks to Bonofloro for kindly providing photos