The town of Kotor is one of the oldest in Montenegro. Therefore, going on vacation in Kotor, you get a unique opportunity to immerse yourself in one of the bygone eras. Which is not just an ancient city, it is something to see. This beautiful medieval streets, a lot of churches, city walls, the second largest in the world after the Great, which surrounds the city and the surrounding mountains, the amazingly beautiful Kotor Bay, which is part of the 25 most beautiful bays in the world and is considered the most beautiful bay in Europe, reminding fjord, and more.
Kotor - Old Town
In the Middle Ages a natural harbor on the Adriatic coast has made Kotor an important artistic and commercial center. There were even their own schools of masonry and iconography, quite famous. Medieval architecture and numerous monuments of cultural heritage have contributed to the fact that UNESCO has made Kotor into the list of "World Natural and Historical Heritage Site".
Kotor is a «Little Venice»
Old Kotor is often called Little Venice, and not only because the city is on the water, but also because of its major contribution to it the Venetians made the wonderful architecture. The system of fortifications to protect the city from the sea, is a wall 4.5 km long, up to 20 m. The fortifications are preserved well enough and therefore are valued as one of the most interesting historical sights. A series of fortified walls begins from the port, the other series starts from Shkurda river, and both end up at the fortress of St. Ivan. The fortress lies above the town at an altitude of about 280 meters above sea level.
The main (western) city gate connecting port area of Piazza (Square of arms). On the square stands the old tower with chimes, followed by the Chamber of Kotor influential families Byzantium, Beskucha, Bucha and Pima, decorated with coats of arms. There is also a pyramidal column, called the pillory - a place near which stood whose residents do not conflict with the law, but violated the unwritten moral rules. For example, a merchant, not a discreet word of honor.
Sights worth seeing
As the Old Kotor was built like a maze for reasons of defense capability, there is nothing lost. In fact, even the locals get lost. It should not roll back once - and you've already permanently deviated from the target, even if constantly keep before the eyes of the map. Treat this as a raisin charming town and do not let out of sight St. Tryphon Cathedral.
One of the most recognizable symbols of the city - St. Tryphon Cathedral, dedicated to the patron and protector of the city. The cathedral was built in 1166 on the foundations of an earlier church, and in 1667 destroyed by an earthquake, after which it was rebuilt. Cathedral holds priceless relics: silver cross bishop Marina Kontarev XV century stone monstrance in the Roman-Gothic style, the old dagger - a masterpiece of Kotor goldsmiths. In the square next to the cathedral is a few interesting buildings: the Historical Archives of Kotor, the building of the Assembly of the community, the House Drago family.
A little lower, closer to the west gate, there is a summer theater, the church of St. Nicholas, a treasury of the Serbian Orthodox Church and the Church of St. Luke the XII century. In the area of St. Nicholas Cathedral and the area is an area Grgurina. In the wards Grgurina family now houses the Maritime Museum, which has an interesting collection.
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Thanks to Bonofloro for kindly providing photos